There are a number of tips about buying a used piano that I would like to share and I will add to this list regularly.

What Do You Want?

The first tip is to really figure out what you want. Ultimately what you want depends on what your needs are. The tips here are geared mostly for first timers looking for a piano for their kids to learn on or possibly for themselves to get back into as adults. If your needs are higher than that (you are an active player, looking for a piano to grow with), the most important advice is to find a technician you like, trust and can work with. This guy or gal will be the one to keep you from any technical surprises and from being seduced by some story or sexy curve of the rim.

Pianos Wear Out

They do not last for ever, no matter what your neighbor says. And the technology of building pianos has progressed dramatically. The pianos made in the 60’s through the 70s, especially American brands, were made to a different technical and tonal standard. You can thank Yamaha and Kawai for forcing most American makers to get better or get out and a lot of them got out. This is also a reason you should have a technician look at any piano you are considering buying. Wood dries out, glue joints crack and fail, bridges crack. The glue used in piano building today is far superior to that which was used 30 years ago.

Learn Something About Piano Tone and Touch

You need to have some understanding of what is good tone and touch, and you do this by looking at a lot of pianos and talking to people. Yes, I know, you probably don’t want to go through all that for a inexpensive piano for your kids to learn on. In that case, WORK WITH A GOOD TECHNICIAN. Somebody has to be able to give you guidance on what is right and what is not right. The goal here is to not get suck with a lemon!

Avoid Free To $1000

You don’t want to be the one stuck taking it to the dump. Sometimes true deals show up under $1000, but not very often.

Avoid Brand Names You Don’t Recognize …unless…

You should also be cautious about brands that are now out of business. This gets a little tricky because some of those names have been resurrected on modern, decent quality pianos. But these pianos are newer and most often more expensive. I have seen very few Kimballs or old Wurlitzers that I would recommend, despite how prominent those names were in the industry.

Don’t Ever Buy A Spinet

Spinet pianos are compromises, in touch, tone and serviceability. A number of technicians I know (me included) won’t work on spinets because of the difficulty in getting to the action and in tuning. Spinet pianos need to be gone from the marketplace. You don’t want to get stuck with that responsibility.

Always Have A Technician Inspect It

No matter the brand, no matter the story, ALWAYS have a skilled technician inspect a used piano you are considering. There are simply too many variables to be considered to not get a quick professional evaluation. This does not need to be expensive, you don’t need a written report, you just need a thumbs up or down review.

The Biggest Problem With Buying A Piano Is..

Most people, professionals included, don’t really know how a piano should sound or feel. Shocking I know. You will be in a situation where some sales person is playing a piano telling you how great it sounds and you’re saying to yourself “ya, I guess so, but I can’t really tell”. Piano sales people have traditionally relied on this difference in understanding and you can see evidence of it today in stores where the pianos are not in tune. Sales people realize most people cannot even tell when a piano is in tune or not, so why bother tuning it. You can be a better, more informed consumer by either taking the time to really explore the world of pianos, talking and listening and developing your own awareness. This is time consuming but is ultimately the most rewarding path. The other way is to find a good technician you can relate to and get him or her to help you understand the business and to look at and advise you on individual pianos.

Buy The Best Piano You Can

Piano playing is hard and it helps to have all kinds of positive reinforcement mechanisms to keep kids interested and involved. If you bring a newer, shiny, fully functioning and good sounding piano into your home, it will help in subtle ways to keep kids focused and interested. There is a certain logic to the idea of “I’ll get something really cheap now and if they stick with it, I’ll get something better.”  If you bring in a smelly, foul sounding but cheap instrument  I can assure you the deck is stacked against your kids keeping with piano playing. They will know!

What About Grey Market Pianos?

Grey market pianos (primarily Yamaha) are a little tricky because there can be some good deals there and there can be junk. It is not just that the piano was cured for a different environment. Grey market pianos have been well used and then reconditioned. They may look shiny but hide problems that come with any used piano. I have seen both jewels and trash in grey market instruments. In short you should be open to them, but informed. If the dealer or seller won’t tell you, look up the serial number. And always have a technician look at it.

Chinese Pianos Are Not Necessarily Bad

Remember that American makers used to be the top of the heap until the Japanese came in and kicked their butts with excellent quality and great prices. The term “Made In Japan” used to mean cheap and poor quality but you wouldn’t turn down a Lexus if I gave you one, would you! Chinese manufacturing has come a long way in the last 20 years and SOME of the Chinese makers are quite good. If you rule out all brands from a particular country, you may be missing some good options.