Tuning is adjusting the tension on the strings to achieve your desired collection of pitches. Voicing is the manipulating of the tone producing parts of a piano to achieve pleasant and even tone.

Regulation is the process of adjusting all the mechanical components, to ensure their smooth functioning and evenness. I count 9 separate individual steps that must be accomplished on each key.

These are:

  • Key height
  • Key dip
  • blow distance
  • drop
  • letoff
  • backcheck
  • spring tension
  • damper timing
  • damper lift
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